|Alternative re-entry of the Winter War volunteers .------------------------ The Winter War 1939-40 - en.wikipedia|
|.......webmaster on Suomussalmi motti-tactics [danish text]|
Counterfactual discourse or WHAT IF -study. - Historian Max Jacobsen wrote: "Many a modern day Byron on skies voluntarily appeared on the battleground, and though only a few reached the frontline, in most western countries there are men, who with a little drop of sadness think of Finland as the one country they nearly did die for." Trotter, da. p. 338.
Danes of the Winter War: 1018 danes volunteered for active duty in the Finnish Army, mostly army officers and men and a dozen military pilots. The Danish Finland-Volunteers Battalion was formed in Oulu, neighbourghing the American Volunteers Battalion**. The force was partly finances by the Danish Finland Volunteers Society: Per-man equipment sums to Finland and travel. Prime contributors and negotiator facing a most reluctant danish government: The Copenhagen businessman H.P.Daehl (Daehls Varehus) and the shipowner, A.P.Møller (Now Mærsk). When after three month of hard fighting, 25.000 finns killed, 200.000 russsian, and finnish army reserves zero, by March 1. and 2., the colonel commanding the danish force was asked to commit two rifle coys (the Americans were asked for one coy) - he said no: The force still needed weapons... This turning down caused anger in all levels of the force. The finns had to sign a grim peace-treaty by March 12. 1940. Expecting fighting to break out again, they asked the danes to stay and moved the force south.
Some 300 left during the week after the peace-treaty, among them the first CO (Battalion strengh by March 13th note 3 bottom). And some returned, when Denmark hersef was attacked by the Nazi-Germany on April 9. 1940. Cabinet"") Decision not to fight except for a symbolic couple of hours became a rough turn to the force (note 4). - Our source fifty years later left it to his listeners to do the experimental thinking by themselves: - 600 danes under arms and ready but 500 nautical miles away: What if you had been there yourself?
This idea (source, see top front) of the early hours of Apr. 10th 1940 orbited among officers of the battalion. (This website do not discuss the history of individuals in any way of which some had nazi-sympaties, others certainly not) The scope of this "wargame" is to point out, that even this small force fighting the nazi-german invasion had served as an "eye-opener".
II. AN OUTCOME WORTH CONSIDERING
1) had pointed out the sharp eastern bend to that Curtain right south of BORNHOLM - and 2) WOULD NOT May 7 or 8 have accepted the delay produced by Allied CO Europe Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower when the British General "Dick" Dewing asked London for permission to fly to Bornholm to accept the german surrender after the russian bombings of Rønne and Nexø. GEN D. D. Eisenhower whatever his cause, see below, allowed for the russians - who didn´t answer telegrams for two days - to go there before Dewing and his men in Copenhagen.
State Department anticipated that The Sovjet Occupation on Bornholm would lead to them requesting Base-Rights - precisely as with the finnish island of Hangö - in the negotiations of March 1940. If that should happend at Potsdam, State Department adviced that US negotiators NOT OPPOSE such Sovjet demands. State wouldn't endanger the US Case for Greenland Base-Rights. That is: Don´t quarrel with Mr. Stalin over this baltic island. - Of course The US did hope, Denmark kept it, but it was the Danes' case, not a US one, unlike Narsarsuaq AB or Sondre Stroemfjord AB in Greenland on the western hemisphere.
The Game we let loose is what the professionals TODAY would call "Amphibian Warfare" - Rule No. one: You must control the sea to come and go. - In the early part of WWII we didn´t have the elaborated conceptions and experience. - But this is Our SEA-C bid: - Two warships shooting over the shoulders, and a small army task force, one tenth of Battalion strenght: Two Fast Reconnaissance-units (with Task Force CO), a Motorized Heavy Mortar unit, and a few Naval Ships-Demolition-Engineers, in danish: en "Sømine-mester": Marine mining master sergeant, and five torpedo-electricians-mates. - Enemy navy in area reduced to patrol boats. The norwegian campaign cost ships. German forces on Bornholm by May '40 est. 1.200 inf.
When I asked Mr. Tom Nielsen, harbourmaster in Tejn, in January [i.e.2010] he actually agreed that a small destroyer anno 1940 might sneak in most vigilant of course, place theforeship across the entrance of the inner basin - in 1940 the only harbour basin - quickly debark the troops and then back out using both propellers to steady the move; easy on the revolutions not to get propellers "dig down" the heck, and draught not exceeding 4 meters. That´s a vessel at roughly 700 tons deplacement like these french ships, or two by Apr '40 uncompleted at Copenhagen Navy Yard, Nymfen and Najaden, at 710 tons, 200 tons less than the se. "Ehrenskiölds" (Svenske eskorter scroll to image). - Years ago his former college who also performed as a pilot told me, that even bigger ships go in if the skippers got the nerves:
- In bad weather all you see from the sea will be the waves hammering the stones, you can´t hesitate, he said: - Make some revolutions, ready to turn port and go reverse the moment you see the angle to the entrance open up! By 1940 the outer pier and western basin were not built - the above maps show the old navigation marks, churches and windmills.
|III. THE GROUND BATTLE
FACTS (HISTORY) - By March 1940 the Sovjet "Vojt" Josef Stalin had had enough of the die-hard finnish army, as Jowlett & Snodgrass state. (Source: Osprey booklet: Finland at war, 1939-1945. 2006).
THE WHAT-IF GAME (FICTION)
Infantry operating in southern scandinavian landscapes, even in the spring cannot be caught in motti like road-dependant russian units in snowcovered Mid-Finland. By May garden-owners finished digging. This force prepare the battle ground: Minefields, meadow-swampings, woodcuts to redirect troops afoot, fire angels and evac. air strips or havens. Right flank driving fast inland from Allinge & left flank consolidating west of Gudhjem: BTN FIELD MAPS
[samples Day 1]
Extract 0020 of Battalion War Diary of May 1940
A) May 3 GMT 2:20 A coy 4. platoon advanced inland along the stream to the Tileworks where two Volvo 38 TLV were taken. Cought up with 2.plt 47 off. & men carried, (bikes left as expendable). Motorized advance, best speed. A-coy HQ section [2 off. 1 nco radiooprator & 3 riflemen, messengers] found as planned two local taxies, a Buick 1931 soft top and a Fiat Convertìbile, once Cardinal Camillo´s, and caught up with the TLVs, GMT 3:52 1 kilometer (1 km = 0.6213 mile) south of Hammer Haven.
IV. THE ART of getting out the men
*Red, we figure, by The Foreign Legion´s 13. Demi-Brigade when earmarked for Finland it ran "Sahara-Narvik-Brest", as Svend R Christensen wrote. Cpn 1942.
The drawing down-page are our presentation of a Fictive Reference-Group. The Volunteers' TO-platoons (some 70 off. & men, "TO" the Finnish Army 1940 code for Light Reconnaisance Unit) awaiting ewacuation.
Cognitions of war
The number of troops in this study are ONE to FOURTY of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower´s thump-rule "on the edge of too little", against the german army, autumn 1944.
|* One of them later left his white panted finnish army skies for my farther-in-law to use for the sport of it. - The Finland Volunteers, mr. Folmer Rasmussen, my bookdealer in the eightees once said: as a rule
were older than us... By "us" he ment the Danish Resistance... Anyway want of adventure, and foreign experience were traditional motives for danish officers. Wages were symbolic, you had to be economic
independent. One example being Prince Aage of Rosenborg who served as an officer of the French Foreign Legion. - Max Jacobsen quotation [top]: W. Trotter: Den finske Vinterkrig. 2004, page 338.
** Strengh (americans with finnish roots) differs between writers. But some did see action in the last days of the war.
NOTION: counterfactual: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/causation-counterfactual/
Nov. 30 2009 - March 2010 - June 2011 - Dec. 2014 - Sep. 6 2016: Illust 1. 'Brigaden in Sweden': Note on picture pinched by negligent text-writer.
This ed. ALTERNATIVE re-entry: Apr. 12 2017
Nov. 30 1939 - March 13 1940 - The Winter War between Finland and Sovjet-Russia.
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